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Title Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG)) dalam Bidang Kesehatan Masyarakat
Edition
Call Number Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 1(1): 99-104
ISBN/ISSN 1410-2935
Author(s) Endang Indriasih - Personal Name
Subject(s) PUBLIC HEALTH
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Classification
Series Title
GMD Text
Language Ina
Publisher Puslitbang Sistem dan Kebijakan Kesehatan
Publishing Year 2008
Publishing Place Surabaya
Collation 6p.
Abstract/Notes Decentralization in health sector has enable to identify many health problems, population characteristics, and locally and more specific incidences. Health problems can be categorized based on geographic areas (national, regional, and local). The Geographic Information System (GIS) is one tools for depicing the severity of health problems and indentifiying health determinants specificallly, as inputs for decision making process, also for epidemiological analysis and public health management. The basic framework of GIS is identification of input, strorage, data processing and output. The GIS main aplication consist of 1) the spatial description of health event. 2) risk factors, high ris groups, and high risk areas identification, 3) health situation analysis, diseases pattem analisis, 4) surveillance and monitoring of public health, 5) the planning and programming of health activities; and (5) evaluation on health intervention. In Indonesia, the GIS is been used in many work divisions of Miistry of Health, especially for diseases surveillance mapping. Beside the GIS is able to perform high quality products such as map, graph, and tables. The GIS map can be in the different from of various types and contents. The quality of GIS map depends on geographical precision, the representation of object’s pattern and color, definiting of the event which will be presented. Usually, the presentation format is developed by combining user friendly softwer will support policy making process according to geographical position. This article presents case in 1997-2001, on the spread of malaria cases in Ciamis District concentrated in some villages in southem coast, where mangrove forest and lagoon are usually found. It tends to spread from west to the east. Malaria cases spread mostly in areas at the height between 0-100 meters above sea level, and just a few cases were found in areas at more than 100 meters above sea level. Finally, the capability of GIS to manage spatial data is enable to perform various scenarios as conducting strategic analysis. In order to minize bias and uncertain results, it recomends to coduct GIS analysis by multidiscipline members. It should be reminded that the final objective of GIS application in health sector is to improve the ability in planning, diagnosing, and intervention of health problems in many governmental administration level due to support the achievement of health development goals.
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